Mis- is a root that is placed before certain verbs to indicate that something didn’t go as planned or as expected. Here are a few examples:
1. Spell --> Mis-spell -> A spelling mistake.
To misspell is to make an error, a mistake when writing something. Another way to describe an error made in spelling a word is “typo”. It can only work for typed text, and not for handwritten text.
Student : I think that you’ve misspelled my name. It’s actually spelled « L.O.U.I.S. », not « Louise ».
2. Understand ->Mis-understand -> misunderstood (a misunderstanding = un malentendu)
Teacher: Oh sorry about that. I’ll correct it right away to avoid any misunderstanding.
3. Hear -> Mis-hear -> misheard
Student: It’s okay, you probably misheard my name during the first class.
4. Take -> Mis-take -> Mistook
Teacher: Actually, I mistook you for the another student. Sorry about that. (méprendre, méprise, mégarde).
Student: Don’t worry about it, anyone can make a mistake. No harm done. (faire une erreur, se tromper)
5. Place -> mis-place -> misplaced
To misplace is a synonym of to lose. It means "égarer".
Teacher: Can I help you with anything else?
Student: Yes, actually I think I might have misplaced my glasses. Would you happen to have seen them?
Teacher: Unfortunately, I haven't. Have you asked the school's lost & found services?
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